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Kentucky soybean production, yield at record highs

LOUISVILLE, Ky. (Feb. 23, 2018) — The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) released the county estimates for corn and soybeans today from the 2017 production year. The two crops are significant to Kentucky agriculture, together bringing in $1.65 billion in cash receipts in 2016.

“Corn yields rebounded from an off year in 2016, while soybean yields continue a string of annual increases.” said David Knopf, director of the NASS Eastern Mountain Regional Office in Kentucky. “Statewide, the soybean and corn yields were record highs and soybean production was at a record high for the fifth year in a row.”

Christian County is the leading corn producing county in Kentucky for 2017, with production totaling 13,957,000 bushels, harvested from 73,100 acres. The top five counties, which account for 29 percent of Kentucky’s corn production, include:

Christian County – 13,957,000 bushels

Henderson County – 12,970,000 bushels

Union County – 12,390,000 bushels

Graves County – 12,121,000 bushels

Daviess County – 11,335,000 bushels

Wayne County took the top corn yield spot in 2017, producing 205 bushels per acre and the first time a county average corn yield has exceeded 200 bushels. The previous record was held by Ohio County when the average yield was 199.1 bushels in 2014. The top five counties for yield include:

Wayne County – 205.0 bushels per acre

Ohio County – 199.3 bushels per acre

Hancock County – 198.6 bushels per acre

Daviess County – 197.8 bushels per acre

McLean County – 191.6 bushels per acre

Henderson County is the leading soybean producing county in Kentucky for 2017, with production totaling 5,402,000 bushels, harvested from 91,800 acres. The top five counties, which account for 24 percent of Kentucky’s soybean production, include:

Henderson County – 5,402,000 bushels

Daviess County – 5,359,000 bushels

Graves County – 4,975,000 bushels

Christian County – 4,765,000 bushels

Union County – 3,908,000 bushels

Pendleton County had the highest soybean yield at 60.9 bushels per acre. The top five counties for yield include:

Pendleton County – 60.9 bushels per acre

Wayne County – 60.4 bushels per acre

Union County – 60.4 bushels per acre

Daviess County – 60.3 bushels per acre

Boone County – 60.3 bushels per acre

County-level estimates are used by other USDA agencies to set standards for insurance and risk protection programs many farmers rely on to protect their operations.

“Farm Service Agency (FSA) relies on the county-level estimates for Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) program calculations,” Knopf said. “The Risk Management Agency (RMA) uses the data for administering the Area Risk Protection Insurance Plan, establishment of transitional yields, and determining when to make crop loss insurance payments. When drought and flooding impact crop production, or even in a year with good yields, these data are crucial to the agriculture industry.”

In April NASS will release county estimates for hay and tobacco.

Hay – April 19, 2018

Tobacco – April 26, 2018

For more information about NASS’s process of calculating county estimates, visit our website https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Kentucky/Publications/County_Estimate s/coest/2017/index.php.

The complete listing of corn and soybean county estimates for each county is available online in the NASS QuickStats database: https://www.nass.usda.gov/Quick_Stats/Lite/.

For more information, call the NASS Kentucky Field Office at (800) 928-5277.

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